By Barbara Baert
Within the fourth century the assumption arose that the go on which Christ was once crucified were came upon through Helena, mom of Emperor Constantine. therefore all started a legend that might develop and flourish through the heart a long time and reason the diffusion of numerous splinters of holy wooden. And the place there's wooden, there has been as soon as a tree. may well or not it's that the pass was once made of that the majority noble species, the Tree of existence? So, collecting characters alongside the best way, the legend advanced right into a story that stretches from the production to the top of Time. A background of Holy wooden is the 1st reconstruction of the iconographic and literary culture of the Legend of the genuine go. Its wide scope encompasses relic cults, pilgrimages, visitors' stories and the Tree of existence and consists of Church Fathers, crusader kings, Teutonic Knights and mendicant orders, all of which encouraged the legend's depiction from its earliest illustration in manuscripts, reliquaries and altarpieces, to the good enormous cycles of the excessive heart a while. If the holy wooden used to be the medium of medieval reminiscence, A background of Holy wooden unearths the expansion jewelry of fifteen centuries of images.
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Additional info for A Heritage Of Holy Wood: The Legend Of The True Cross In Text And Image (Cultures, Beliefs and Traditions Medieval and Early Modern Peoples)
Eine Philosophiegeschichte als Geschichtsphilosophie (1928). 7 Der Historismus, p. -Cf. infra, n. 11. EUROPEAN LITERATURE cal" philology goes beyond Augustan literature in research, it seldom does so in teaching. The "modern" philologies are oriented toward the modern "nationalliteratures"-a concept which was first established after the awakening of nationalities under the pressure of the Napoleonic superstate, which is therefore highly time-conditioned and hence still more obstructive of any view of the whole.
But for current literary history modern Europe does not begin until about 1500. This is as intelligent as if one were to promise a description of the Rhine, but only provided the section from Mainz to Cologne. To be sure, there is a "medieval" literary history 10 1. EUROPEAN LITERATURE too. It begins about 1000-that is, to pursue the metaphor, as far downstream as Strassburg. But where is the period from 400 to 1000? For that one would have to start at Basel. . This stretch is passed over in silence -for a very simple reason: the literature of those centuries, with infinitesimal exceptions, is in Latin.
Twenty years after his death, Germanic kingdoms had come into existence in all three of these countries. The Empire now comprised a twofold existenceRoman and Germanic. In another respect too, Theodosius' reign forms a conclusion. It consummates Constantine's religious policy by raising Christianity to the position of the state religion (381). Henceforth adherence to paganism is a political offense. In 384 the altar of Victory, the refuge of old Roman tradition, is removed from the Senate. At the same time the assault on the temples begins in the East.