By Peter Heath
Islamic allegory is the manufactured from a cohesive literary culture to which few contributed as considerably as Ibn Sina (Avicenna), the eleventh-century Muslim thinker. Peter Heath the following bargains a close exam of Avicenna's contribution, paying specified consciousness to Avicenna's psychology and poetics and to the ways that they stimulated lines of theological, mystical, and literary proposal in next Islamic—and Western—intellectual and spiritual history.
Heath starts off by means of exhibiting how Avicenna's writings healthy into the context and normal historical past of Islamic allegory and explores the interplay between allegory, allegoresis, and philosophy in Avicenna's concept. He then presents a short advent to Avicenna as an old determine. From there, he examines the ways that Avicenna's cosmological, mental, and epistemological theories locate parallel, if various, expression within the disparate codecs of philosophical and allegorical narration. incorporated during this e-book is a demonstration of Avicenna's allegorical perform. This takes the shape of a translation of the Mi'raj Nama (The e-book of the Prophet Muhammad's Ascent to Heaven), a brief treatise in Persian quite often attributed to Avicenna.
The textual content concludes with an research of the literary size Avicenna's allegorical concept and perform through analyzing his use of description metaphor. Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna is an unique and demanding paintings that breaks new floor by means of utilising the thoughts of recent literary feedback to the research of Medieval Islamic philosophy. it is going to be of curiosity to students and scholars of medieval Islamic and Western literature and philosophy.
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Additional resources for Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna (Ibn Sina): With a Translation of the Book of the Prophet Muhammad's Ascent to Heaven
T. P. de Bruijn, Of Piety and Poetry: The Interaction of Religion and Literature in the Life and lViJrksof Hakisn Sana)i of Ghazna, De Goeje Fund 25 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1983); Helmut Ritter, Das Meer der Seele: Mensch) Welt) und Gott in den GeschichtendesFariduddin ~rrar (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1955); a good study of Rumi as allegorist is still a desideratum. 13. See Rypka, History of Iranian Literature, 284-85; and Gibb, History of Ottoman Poetry, vols. 3 and 4 respectively. Further information about each of these writers may be found under their respective entries in The EncyclopediaofIslam and the literary histories and studies mentioned above in note 6.
Judged by any standards, the philosopher was a highly trained, intelligent, and capable person whom a ruler could reasonably expect to manage affairs of state knowledgeably and successfully. Moreover, as someone brought in from outside, Avicenna was totally dependent upon royal favor and thus could be counted on to be relatively trustworthy. That troops once rebelled against him suggests that he was also valued for his abilities in the essential-if perennially unpopular-art of fiscal administration.
Cf. : Harvard University Press, 1987) 14-57; Philip Rollinson, Classical Theories of Allegory and Christian Culture (Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 1981) 3-86; and Tzvetan Todorov, Symbolism and Interpretation, trans. : Cornell University Press, 1982) 97-130. 20. A brief overview of Avicenna's life and thought may be found in M. Mahdi, D. , "Avicenna," EncyclopediaIranica, 3,1: 66-111; see also EI2, 3 : 941 -47 and Chapter Two below. Essential are Avicenna's autobiography and the biography written by his student and close companion, Abu 'Ubaid 'Abd al-Wahid al-Iuzjani, edited and translated in William E.