By William Lesser
Following the united states Patent Office's statement in 1987 that it considers animals "to be patentable subject material in the scope" of patent legislation, there was significant around the world debate in this topic. This paintings contains the lawsuits of the Animal Patents Symposium held at Cornell college, united states, on December 5-6, 1988, geared up by way of the editor of this paintings.
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Additional info for Animal Patents: The Legal, Economic and Social Issues
For all other purposes, such as the scope of protection, European patents represent patents with national effects, subject to national laws, although certain minimum standards are prescribed in Articles 64(2) and 67 EPC. It follows that the role of the European Patent Office (EPO) is to focus on the important but limited task of granting European patents. The interpretation and revocation of these patents are the responsibility of national authorities, who are not bound by the EPO practice, including its examination guidelines.
1988b) The Development of Gene Transfer in Farm Animals. ): 1etseq. , B. Brenig, H. M. Goodman, R. S. Selden, F. Graf, B. Kruff, K. Springmann, Hondele, J. Meyer, E. L. Winnacker, and Krausslich (1986) Gene Transfer in Rabbits and Pigs, 3rd World Congress of Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, July 16--22, 1986, Lincoln, Nebraska, Part XII, p. 45 et seq. , B. Brenig, G. Horstgen-Schwark, and E. L. Winnacker (1988) Gene Transfer in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Aquaculture, 68: 209 et seq.
32, 40, 41. See also Straus, 1987: p. 439. 4 21 Legal Issues to animals, and even to animal varieties obtained by such process (Moufang, 1988: pp. 380, 381). For the patentability of claims directed generally to animals and animal material, provided that the invention complies with all other patentability requirements, the answer should be in the affirmative. " Yet this issue is critical for it is this distinction which draws the dividing line between patentable and non-patentable animal kingdom inventions in Europe.