By Richard A Crooker
Describes the background, geography, executive, economic system, humans, and tradition of Argentina.
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Additional resources for Argentina (Modern World Nations)
For example, the Tehuelche tribe, which fought heroically to keep its land, is almost extinct. Linguists (scholars who study languages) call Argentine Spanish castellano, because it has a strong Italian accent. Italian is also the most common second language. Lunfardo is a slang that residents of Buenos Aires also use. In Buenos Aires, recent immigrants who had no common language shared lunfardo. Slang evolves over time. Today, lunfardo is no longer so necessary, but it is still an important part of the city’s culture.
They split off large areas of the Viceroyalty of Peru to create two new administrative units. To the north, Bourbon reformers separated the Viceroyalty of Nueva Granada in 1739. It included the area that would become the countries of Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador. Bogotá (in Colombia) was the capital. To the south, in 1776, they 63 64 Argentina created the Viceroyalty of Río La Plata with Buenos Aires as its capital. This new Viceroyalty, in addition to Argentina, included what are today Paraguay, Uruguay, and the southern half of Chile.
These new landowners were military strongmen (caudillos). They divided their land grants into large cattle estates. They then hired gauchos, who were expert horsemen, to herd cattle and serve as ranch hands. The caudillos also used the gauchos as soldiers in their private armies. It was in this latter role that gauchos became legendary. Argentine poets, painters, songwriters, and short story authors made them fabled heroes of the war of independence against Spain. Argentines still revere the gaucho’s way of life and his legendary past.