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By Pierre Meystre

Probably the most profound revolutions caused through quantum mechanics is that it does away with the excellence among waves and debris: atoms, particularly, can convey all of the houses that we go together with wave phenomena, resembling diffraction and interference; it has lately even develop into attainable to organize collections of atoms in coherent states, like these of photons in a laser beam. those advancements are on the center of the speedily increasing box of atom optics. ||Atom Optics progressively leads the reader from straight forward innovations to the frontiers of the sphere. it truly is geared up in 3 elements, linear, nonlinear, and quantum atom optics. After a assessment of sunshine forces on atoms and of laser cooling, the 1st half discusses the appliance of sunshine forces to atom optical parts comparable to gratings, mirrors and lenses, matter-wave diffraction, and atomic traps and resonators. The dialogue of nonlinear atom optics begins with a overview of collisions from a standpoint that essentially demonstrates its profound analogy with nonlinear optics. The final half, quantum atom optics, first recollects key result of many-body idea in a formula geared in particular towards atom optics. this is often through a dialogue of atomic Bose-Einstein condensation and "atom lasers." the ultimate chapters deal with such functions as atomic solitons, four-wave blending, superradiance, and finish with the coherent amplification of topic waves. ||An on-line internet part of the ebook, a gateway to atom optics, comprises hyperlinks to the best references and journals within the box, to investigate websites, and to updates for the contents of the e-book.

FROM THE studies:

"Atom optics at the present time has reached adulthood: It has turn into either wave (coherent) and nonlinear atom optics. after all that enlargement required generalization in a brand new booklet. Pierre Meystre has taken simply this sort of generalist technique in his well timed ATOM OPTICS. His have been the pioneering works in atom optics; to get details from the 1st explorer is usually most useful to the reader ... Recommend[ed] to all strata of the physics community." -PHYSICS this present day

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The large SNR difference in a room is caused not only by the distance between the LED and the receiver, but also by the non-normal incidence of the light from the LED to the receiver. For the given locations of the LED and receiver, the distance between the LED and the receiver cannot be changed. However, the incident angle of the light from the LED to the receiver can be adjusted to reduce the SNR variation. 2 2 Receiver plane tilting technique to reduce SNR variation As described above, the non-normal incidence of the light could result in a large SNR variation in a room.

2010 Annual IEEE India Conference INDICON, Kolkata, India, Dec. 2010. [11] J. K. Kwon, “Inverse source coding for dimming in visible light communications using NRZOOK on reliable links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. , 22, (19), 1455–1457, 1 Oct. 2010. -I. Ahn and J. K. Kwon, “Capacity analysis of M-PAM inverse source coding in visible light communications,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. , 30, (10), 1399–1404, 15 May 2012. [13] A. B. Siddique and M. Tahir, “Joint brightness control and data transmission for visible light communication systems based on white LEDs,” in Proc.

In other words, the optimal solutions of both formulations are identical. The dual formulation can also be interpreted in a geometric way as illustrated in Fig. 12. The M different constraints generate a convex feasible region over the (λ,μ) plane. In addition, the objective function is associated with a line across the feasible region with its slope being 1/(2(M –1)d) and its x-intercept equal to the objective value. Therefore, the dual problem turns out to determine a line which touches a point of the feasible region and has the smallest x-intercept.

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