Neuropsychology

Download Big Brain. Origins and Future of Human Intelligence by Gary Lynch PDF

By Gary Lynch

During this groundbreaking examine the evolution of our brains, eminent neuroscientists Gary Lynch and Richard Granger discover the mysteries of the outsizeintelligence of our ancestors, who had greater brains than people dwelling at the present time. Weaving jointly heritage, technological know-how, and the most recent theories of man-made intelligence,Lynch and Granger demystify the complexities of our brains, and express us howour reminiscence, cognition, andintelligence truly functionality, in addition to what mechanisms within the mind can probably be more suitable, bettering at the present design.Author of The Emotional mind, Joseph LeDoux praised it as"provocative and fascinating," and, writing within the New Scientist, Willian Calvin referred to as it "a renowned account of ways brains magnify, in either evolutionary and developmental phrases" and "amuch wanted book."

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COMPUTER CIRCUITS Robots with artificial brains have been a staple of fiction for a surprisingly long time. ” The term was coined from the Czech word “robota” denoting forced work or manual labor. The play highlights and critiques the drudgery of robotic work, and presages the dangers that can arise: the robots in the play (actually biological entities, more like androids) eventually revolt against their human masters. When we imagine robots, from HAL to the Terminator, we largely picture them acting like us.

Little is dedicated directly to the peripheral tasks of vision, or hearing, or other senses, or motor performance. Most of it is dedicated to thinking. 52 BIG BRAIN But all of the brain, periphery and “middle,” is made of the same stuff: neurons, connected to each other. Neurons are cells, like other cells in the body: skin cells, liver cells, etc. The difference is that neurons are specialized to send messages. They receive electrical inputs and send electrical outputs. They can be thought of a bit like simple little calculators, that add up their inputs, and send an electrical message as an output.

If a random mutation eliminates some expensive system, and the organism still thrives, then that organism may tend to get by with less food requirements than its competitors, and thus is likely to pass on its genes. Given the tendency, then, to get rid of costly mechanisms, it is often seen as a wonder that human brain size has grown as much as it has. One might think that of all the parts of the body, the brain is the last that would yield an evolutionary increase. So the argument goes: if these highly expensive parts are being expanded, the results must be valuable indeed.

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