By Mark L. Latash, Vladimir Zatsiorsky
Biomechanics and Motor keep an eye on: Defining relevant strategies provides an intensive replace to the quickly evolving fields of biomechanics of human movement and motor keep watch over with study released in biology, psychology, physics, drugs, actual remedy, robotics, and engineering continuously breaking new ground.
This ebook clarifies the that means of the main often used phrases, and contains 4 elements, with half one overlaying biomechanical recommendations, together with joint torques, stiffness and stiffness-like measures, viscosity, damping and impedance, and mechanical paintings and effort. different sections take care of neurophysiological options utilized in motor keep an eye on, similar to muscle tone, reflex, pre-programmed reactions, efferent replica, and important development generator, and primary motor regulate suggestions, together with redundancy and abundance, synergy, equilibrium-point speculation, and motor software, and posture and prehension from the sector of motor habit.
The booklet is prepared to hide smaller innovations in the context of bigger recommendations. for instance, inner versions are coated within the bankruptcy on motor courses. significant techniques aren't in simple terms outlined, yet given context as to how examine got here to take advantage of the time period during this demeanour.
- Presents a unified method of an interdisciplinary, fragmented area
- Defines keyword phrases for understanding
- Identifies key theories, innovations, and purposes throughout theoretical perspectives
- Provides old context for definitions and thought evolution
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Additional info for Biomechanics and motor control : defining central concepts
1998a. Force sharing among ﬁngers as a model of the redundancy problem. Experimental Brain Research 119 (3), 276e286. , 1998b. Motor redundancy during maximal voluntary contraction in four-ﬁnger tasks. Experimental Brain Research 122 (1), 71e78. , 1987. Quantitative functional anatomy of the lower limb with application to human gait. Journal of Biomechanics 20, 51e58. , 1971. Patterns of Human Motion. A Cinematographic Analysis. Prentice Hall, Inc, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. , 1992. (ﬁrst German edition in 1836).
Although stiffness is measured as a force/displacement ratio, not every force/ displacement ratio or a derivative dF/dx refers to stiffness, even for passive objects. Consider, for instance, the movement of a material particle on a horizontal surface without friction. The equation of motion is F ¼ ma. 2) 30 Biomechanics and Motor Control can easily be calculated (x stands for displacement, x⃛ with three dots for jerk, and x_ with one dot for velocity). However, this expression is, as a rule, unusable and does not represent stiffness in any meaningful way.
University Park Press, Baltimore, London, Tokyo, pp. 387e394. , 2000. Mechanical power and work in human movement. A. ), Energetics of Human Activity. Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL, pp. 195e227. , 1993. What is a joint torque for joints spanned by multiarticular muscles? Journal of Applied Biomechanics 9, 333e336. ) is one of the most broadly used terms in human biomechanics and motor control literature. Regrettably, the term is also frequently ill-used, that is, used incorrectly, without a precise understanding of its meaning.